What do you need to know about pallets to choose a truck

Is there a standard pallet size?

Varies from country to country

International standard sizes don’t really exist because pallet definitions, construction standards and terminologies vary enormously from country to country. However national standards and unofficial branch standard sizes are common so contact your local association or organisation for more information.

Not all industrial forklift truck types are compatible with all types of pallets – be sure to check pallet dimensions and load size (including overhang) before specifying your requirements on forks. The weight and content of unit loads affect the centre of gravity, and the residual capacity of the industrial forklift truck required for stacking.

Sizes of wooden pallets often vary from country to country, depending on usage. However, the most common pallet size used in Europe is 1200 x 800 mm.

Euro pallet

What do you need to know about the EU Pallet?

  • The EU-pallet must contain at least 78 nails of a specific type that are subject to a  prescribed nailing pattern. 
  • The final pallet weighs 20 to 25 kg.
  • Only dry wood may be used, so that it cannot become mouldy.
  • On the left corner leg the EPAL logo is shown.
  • On the central leg the code of the producer company is shown along with the signature of the verifier and the name of the railway company that installed the verifier.
  • On the right corner leg the EUR logo is shown.

Open Pallet

Open Pallet

Also known as a Euro pallet, 4-way entry pallet, block pallet


Consists of a block construction with bottom boards on 2 sides and the centre. 2-way open entry and 2-way entry across bottom boards gives possibility to a 4-way entry.

Easy pallet handling with virtually all types of forklift trucks on the open entry sides and the shaped corners of the bottom boards make it easier to enter the pallet.

This type of pallet is a very common pallet type in Europe (except in the UK)

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Bottom Boarded Pallet

Bottom Boarded Pallet

Also known as a Chep pallet, 4-way entry pallet, block pallet, bottom board pallet or GKN pallet.

Consists of a block construction with bottom boards on all 4 sides and centre. 4-way entry is possible, all across the bottom boards.

Easy pallet handling with virtually all types of forklift trucks although it is not possible to use a fork-over-support arm stacker. Shaped bottom boards make it easier for the truck forks to enter the pallet.

This type of pallet is a very common pallet type in the UK.

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Stringer Pallet

Stringer Pallet

Also known as a 4-way entry pallet, block & bearer pallet, bottom board pallet, grocery pallet, GMA pallet (USA) or CPC pallet (CDA)

This is a block and side bearer (with fork cut-outs) construction. 2-way open entry and 2-way entry across bottom boards which give possibility to a 4-way entry. Hand- and powered pallet trucks and support arms stackers with elevating support arms can be used for horizontal transport.

Hand pallet trucks (low fork height), reach trucks, straddle or counterbalanced trucks need to pick this pallet up from the bearer side. Shaped bottom boards make it easier for the truck forks to enter the pallet.

This type of pallet is a very common pallet type in North America, Africa and Asia.

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Bearer Pallet

Bearer Pallet

Also known as a 2-way entry pallet, block & bearer pallet or bottom board pallet

This is a block construction with side and centre bearers and with the possibility of 2-way entry only. Makes handling easy with virtually all types of forklift trucks although it is not possible to use a fork-over-support arm stacker. Shaped bottom boards make it easier for the truck forks to enter the pallet.

This is a very common pallet type in Africa and Asia.

 

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